Stiff Back: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment


When you move, your brain sends electrical signals to the cells in your muscles, telling them to expand or contract. Likewise, those cells send electrical signals back to your brain when your muscles are damaged or tense. It may seem strange, but tight hamstring muscles in the thighs can cause back pain. In the case of hamstrings, this can affect the alignment of your spine and pelvis leading to lumbar (lower back) pain. Depending on the nature and cause of tight back muscles, several different treatment methods can be effective for tense back muscles.


The overwhelming majority of people will experience back pain at some point in their lives. Tight muscles often relax with time, proper hydration, and with slow, measured stretching exercises. We specialize in comprehensive neurological services aimed more hints at effectively managing conditions such as neck pain, back pain, and other related issues. Our experienced team of neurologists and spine specialists is dedicated to providing personalized care and helping you find long-term relief from your symptoms.

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It’s not just tight muscles in general, but rather muscle tightness and imbalances in opposing muscle groups. Muscle stiffness is soreness or tightness in your muscles, while joint stiffness is a feeling of limited movement or range visit the website of motion. People with joint stiffness may be able to move their joint through its full range of motion, but the movement may require force. Joint stiffness is often a symptom of rheumatoid arthritis or other inflammatory arthritis.

It can be difficult to diagnose and treat the issue given how many different conditions can cause the symptoms. Certain kinds of arthritis that cause muscle tightness can also be detected by the presence of nodules and rashes on the skin. There are plenty of other factors that can contribute to tightness in the back. Studies have additional reading also shown, for example, that dehydration can lead to excess damage of the muscles during strenuous exercise (11). The size and complexity of the back makes it vulnerable to several kinds of musculoskeletal conditions (1). Tight back muscles are one such problem that people typically experience in their lower or mid-back area.

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Types of arthritis include osteoarthritis, degenerative arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis, which occurs as a result of an issue with the auto-immune system (5). Inflammation as a result of spinal arthritis commonly leads to stiffness and pain in the muscles of the back (6). Yoga is a great way to increase your range of motion, strength, and flexibility.

Rarely, muscle stiffness can be a symptom of a serious infection or chronic condition. Understanding the relationship between stiff and tight muscles and back pain is crucial for effective prevention and relief. Incorporating practices that promote flexibility, proper posture, and stress management can play a significant role in maintaining supple muscles and a healthier, pain-free back. The most common ways to treat tight back muscles are physical therapy, NSAIDs purchased over the counter, prolonged heat therapy and muscle relaxants. The specific method best suited for you depends on the nature of your muscle tightness and your medical history.

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Prolonged, chronic stress has a direct effect on the muscles in your body. When we are stressed, our bodies release a hormone called cortisol, which causes the muscles to become tense and tight. That alone isn’t an immediate problem; however, when this tension is held for long periods of time, it can lead to muscle fatigue and back pain (3). Sitting for long periods of time can cause the muscles in your lower back to become tight and stiff (13). This is because when you sit, the muscles are in a shortened position, which can prevent them from stretching fully. Some of the most common postural issues are rounded shoulders, slouching, and excessively arching the low back.

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