Diabetes types, symptoms and treatment


In lower-middle-income countries, the mortality rate due to diabetes increased 13%. The Diabetes Eye Health Guide is a practical & informative document developed for primary such a good point health professionals on managing diabetic retinopathy. While type 1 diabetes can’t be prevented, there is clear evidence that you can delay or stop type 2 diabetes.

If your doctor suspects that you have diabetes, they will order blood tests. The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) helps doctors detect type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. However, the OGTT is a more expensive test than the FPG test and the glucose challenge test, and it is not as easy to give.


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Fasting means after not having anything to eat or drink (except water) for at least 8 hours before the test. This test is usually done first thing in the morning, before breakfast. Gestational diabetes can often be managed by keeping blood glucose levels within a healthy range for pregnancy. try what he says Most people who develop gestational diabetes don’t have any symptoms. Other symptoms include fatigue, blurred vision, increased hunger, and sores that do not heal. Your doctor will check your blood glucose level on another day using the FPG or the OGTT to confirm the diagnosis of diabetes.

You also receive tests to screen for complications of diabetes and other medical conditions. Neuropathy in diabetes (also called diabetic nerve damage or diabetic neuropathy) is temporary or permanent damage to nerve tissue in people with diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is rare in children image source under 5 years, but it is serious. Here’s how to spot symptoms of diabetes and manage the condition in young children. People with diabetes have difficulty changing glucose (a type of sugar) into energy. This leads to high levels of sugar in your blood (hyperglycaemia).

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Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be controlled by lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and being physically active. Doctors use a variety of tests to diagnose diabetes and prediabetes. Your doctor may recommend different tests depending on whether you have symptoms or not, or whether you are pregnant. Don’t try to diagnose yourself if you think you might have diabetes. Blood testing equipment that you can buy over the counter, such as a blood glucose meter, cannot diagnose diabetes. Prediabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes are more common in people who are overweight or obese.

Genetic testing can diagnose most forms of monogenic diabetes, which is caused by a change—or mutation—in a gene. Anyone can have monogenic diabetes, but it is more common in babies who develop diabetes before they are 6 months old, some teens, and some young adults. If you are already pregnant, you should be tested for type 2 diabetes at the first prenatal appointment, or in the first 15 weeks of pregnancy. If you have diabetes, you should receive special care during your pregnancy to avoid problems for you and the baby.

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