Type 2 Diabetes


You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are age 45 or older, have a family history of diabetes, or are overweight or have obesity. Diabetes is more common in people who are African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander. Researchers have identified at least 150 DNA variations linked to the risk of developing T2D — some increase your risk and others decrease it. Some of these variations may directly play a role in insulin resistance and insulin production. Others may increase your risk of T2D by increasing your tendency to have overweight or obesity.

Diet is an important tool to help maintain optimal heart health and blood glucose levels that are within a safe range. If you don’t produce enough insulin or if your body doesn’t use it efficiently, glucose builds up in your bloodstream. Doctors don’t know exactly what triggers this series of events. It may have to do with cell dysfunction in the pancreas or with cell signaling and regulation. Some people do not find out they have the disease until they have diabetes-related health problems, such as blurred vision or heart disease. In type 1, your immune system attacks and destroys the cells in your pancreas that make insulin, leading to high blood sugar.


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Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (long-term) disease, which means you must manage it for the rest of your life. But you can manage it — with lifestyle changes, medication and blood sugar monitoring — in a way that keeps your blood sugar levels in a healthy range. If you stop managing it or undermanage it, your blood sugar levels will go back up. If your cells become too resistant to insulin and your pancreas can’t make enough insulin to overcome it, it leads to Type 2 diabetes. About 90%-95% of all people with diabetes have this type.

A simple blood test will let you know if you have diabetes. If you’ve gotten your blood sugar tested at a health fair or pharmacy, follow up at a clinic or doctor’s additional reading office to make sure the results are accurate. About 38 million Americans have diabetes (about 1 in 10), and approximately 90-95% of them have type 2 diabetes.

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It’s a common condition that’s often triggered by certain lifestyle choices. But the likelihood of a diagnosis can also be increased by genetics, age, and heritage. Some people may need to monitor their glucose more carefully than others after eating these foods. super fast reply Ask your healthcare provider or registered dietitian to recommend a meal plan that’s right for you. What you eat, how much you eat, and when you eat are all important in keeping your blood sugar levels in the range that your healthcare team recommends.

Usually, they’ll test you on 2 different days to confirm the diagnosis. But if your blood glucose is very high or you have many symptoms, one test may be all you need. Healthy visit the website lifestyle choices can help prevent type 2 diabetes. If you’ve received a diagnosis of prediabetes, lifestyle changes may slow or stop the progression to diabetes.

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