Kidney stones Diagnosis and treatment

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Pain from a stone can persist for a few days after completely passing. Kidney stones often have no definite, single cause, although reference several factors may increase your risk. How long this takes varies from person to person, and depends on the size of the stone.

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Potassium citrate makes the urine less acidic or more alkaline (basic). It also raises the citrate level in the urine, helping to prevent such a good point calcium stones. Eating at least five servings of fruits and vegetables daily is recommended for all people who form kidney stones.

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At the same time, your urine may lack substances that prevent crystals from sticking together, creating an ideal environment for kidney stones to form. As stones move into your ureters — the thin tubes that allow urine to pass from your kidneys to your bladder — signs and symptoms can result. Signs and symptoms of kidney stones can include severe pain, nausea, vomiting, fever, chills and blood in your urine. Some medical conditions have an increased risk of kidney stones. Abnormal growth of one or more of the parathyroid glands, which control calcium metabolism, can cause high calcium levels in the blood and urine. Another condition called distal renal tubular acidosis, in which there is acid build-up in the body, can raise the risk of calcium phosphate kidney stones.

Eat more fruits and vegetables, which make the urine less acid. When the urine is less acid, then stones may be less able to form. Animal protein produces urine that has more acid, which can then increase your risk for kidney stones. Symptoms of kidney stones may not occur until the stone begins to move down the ureters.

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The earlier you get treatment, the less likely you’ll have complications from kidney stones. Kidney stone pain — also known as renal colic — is one of super fast reply the most severe types of pain imaginable. Some people who’ve experienced kidney stones compare the pain to childbirth or getting stabbed with a knife.

Most kidney stones are formed when oxalate, a by product of certain foods, binds to calcium as urine is being made by the kidneys. Both oxalate and calcium are increased when the body doesn’t have enough fluids and also has too much salt. Based on blood and urine tests, your doctor will determine which types of dietary changes are needed in your particular case. One of the more common causes of calcium kidney stones is high levels of calcium in the urine. High urine calcium levels may be due to the way your body handles calcium.

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