What Is a Kidney Infection? Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention


Follow your provider’s recommendations for taking any prescribed medications and for how to take care of yourself at home. A history of UTIs may put you at risk for future kidney infections. You have two fist-sized kidneys in your upper abdomen, one more hints on each side. They filter waste products out of your blood and into your urine. They also regulate the water and electrolytes contained in your blood. Kidney infection treatment often includes antibiotics, which might be given in the hospital.

As part of the diagnosis, your healthcare provider may want to exclude other conditions that mimic the signs of a kidney infection. A healthcare provider diagnoses a kidney infection by reviewing your symptoms and testing your pee for signs of infection (urinalysis). They may also test your blood and get images of your kidneys with a CT scan or renal ultrasound.

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After you have started treatment and your symptoms have gone away, it is usually safe to have sex. Remember to urinate after sex to avoid getting more bacteria in your urinary tract. But just as women get more bladder infections than men, they also get more kidney infections. If you’re in general good health, you should recover from a kidney infection without complications. It’s important to see your doctor at the first signs of a kidney infection so that treatment can start right away.


Kidney infection can be serious if not treated with antibiotics or other medicines. For some people, lower UTIs can go away on their own, but kidney source infections can lead to serious complications if left untreated. Talk to a healthcare provider if you have symptoms of a kidney infection.

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You can get an infection after kidney surgery, too, but that’s even more unlikely. Call your doctor if you have these symptoms, especially if you have a bladder infection and you’re not getting better. You should feel better within a few days of taking antibiotics. advice Be sure to finish the entire course of antibiotics the doctor prescribed so that your infection doesn’t return, however. For a more serious infection, your doctor may keep you in the hospital to receive intravenous antibiotics and intravenous fluids.

Learn how to spot the signs and symptoms of a UTI in an older person. This group advocates on behalf of people with kidney disease, provides financial support, and offers information on conditions and procedures. One of the leading research and support organizations for people with kidney disease, the National Kidney Foundation offers information on a variety of kidney conditions. A bloodstream infection can, in turn, lead to sepsis, which is a severe inflammatory reaction to bacteria. But there may be ways you can increase your comfort while being treated with antibiotics, such as placing a heating pad on your abdomen, back, or side to ease any pain in those areas. Wearing a Catheter Long-term use of a urinary catheter to drain urine from the bladder, such as during a surgical procedure or hospital stay, raises the risk of developing a UTI.

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